Management of ethnocultural diversity in Africa: challenges and socio-economic consequences
This paper analyzes the challenges and socio-economic consequences of managing ethnocultural diversity in Africa. Results show that the challenges of managing ethnocultural diversity in Africa are primarily historical and political. The economic implications of managing ethnocultural diversity are positive when government policies are participatory and inclusive. However, when the management of diversity leads to identitarian closure, the consequences are negative and range from popular uprisings to conflicts. As a recommendation, the governments of African countries should study the nature of their diversity and develop inclusive and equitable public policies that take into account the interests of all identity groups. Respect for the Constitution and democratic rules is also an asset for effective management of ethnocultural diversity.
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