The road towards a social circular economy in Romania
The present research is focused on the identification of the main needs of social organizations and the consolidation of circular economy principles in the sector of social enterprises. Also, it approaches the interest to contribute to removing the obstacles which prevent the transition towards a circular economy of the social enterprises, as well as the evaluation of understanding circular economy practices by the social enterprises in Romania. The research method used is the survey with a questionnaire as a research instrument. The questionnaire consists of eighteen questions, and it is drawn up to serve at achieving the above-mentioned objectives. The results show us the decisive role that plays the non-refundable funds in the emergence of social enterprise. The most preferred environmental practices to apply in social enterprises are recycling, the use of renewable energy and selective waste collection, being aware of the opportunities that bring us the circular economy. Special courses in fields related to the social economy like "Financing sources of social enterprises," "Project management," and "The structure and development of a business plan” are needed in order to facilitate the emergence of new social organizations.
European Commission, 2014, A map of social enterprises and their eco-systems in Europe - Country Report: Romania. European Union. Available online: shorturl.at/bruIJ (accessed at 25.04.2018).
Law no. 219/2015 of Social Economy, 2015. Available online at http://www.mmuncii.ro/j33/images/Documente/Legislatie/L219-2015.pdf (15 September 2017).
European Union, 2016, Sustainable Development in The European Union - A statistical glance from the viewpoint of the Sustainable Development Goals, DOI: 10.2785/500875
Mook, L. et al. (2015). Understanding the social economy of the United States. p. 37
Bercea, O.B., Bacali L., Lakatos, E.S., 2016, Public Marketing: A Strategic Tool for Social Economy. Review of Applied Socio-Economic Research.;11(1):13-21
Bouchart, M.J. (2009), The worth of the social economy. An international perspective, p. 11
Mead, H.L., cited by Léopold Beaulieu in “A new economic paradigm for the challenges of sustainable development” in Social innovation, the social economy and the world economic development, 2009, p. 20-21
Toderoiu, F., 2010, Ecological footprint and biocapacity –methodology and regional and national dimensions, Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, New Series, Year VII, no. 2, p. 213–238
Lin, D., Hanscom, L. et al., Ecological Footprint Accounting for Countries: Updates and Results of the National Footprint Accounts, 2012–2018, 2019, DOI:10.3390/resources7030058
Bouchart, M.J. (2013). Innovation and the social economy. The Québec experience. University of Toronto Press
Galluad, D., Laperche, B. (2016). Circular economy, industrial ecology, and short supply chain, p. 3, ISTE Ltd. Publisher, Volume 4, DOI: 10.1002/9781119307457
Lakatos E.S., Crișan O.A, Lakatos G.D. & Bejan M., 2016, Paradigma economiei circulare. O provocare pentru oraşul inteligent. Buletinul AGIR nr. 1/2017
Ellen Mac Arthur Foundation, Infographic - Circular Economy System Diagram, available at: https://www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/circular-econom y/interactive-diagram, (accessed at 04.07.2019)
Apollonia Miola, Fritz Schiltz, 2019, Measuring sustainable development goals performance: How to monitor policy action in the 2030 Agenda implementation?, DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2019
UNDP, Sustainable Development Goals, available at https://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/sustainable-development-goals.html (accessed at 30.09.2019)
Bodini, R., Cicciarelli, L., Di Meglio, R., Franchini, B., Salvatori, G., Putting the “Local” in Economic Development: The Role of the Social and Solidarity Economy, article for the 4th World Forum on Local Economic Development, 17-20 October 2017 - Praia, Cabo Verde
United Nations, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Disability, available at: https://www.un.org/development/desa/disabilities/about-us/sustainable-development-goals-sdgs-and-disability.html (accessed at 04.07.2019)
CIRIEC, Recent evolutions of the Social Economy in the European Union, 2017, doi10.3935/rsp.v25i2.1543 available at: https://www.eesc.europa.eu/sites/default/files/files/qe-04-17-875-en-n.pdf
UN Inter-Agency Task Force on Social and Solidarity Economy, Social and Solidarity Economy, Peter Utting, available at: http://unsse.org/ (accessed at 04.10.2019)
SOCIAL AND SOLIDARITY ECONOMY (SSE) AND OTHER ALTERNATIVE ECONOMIC PARADIGMS, by ILO – COOP Unit (SSE/LED), 4th World Forum on Local Economic Development, 17-20 October 2017 - Praia, Cabo Verde, available at: https://www.local2030.org/events/131/Concept%20notes_4th%20world%20forum.pdf (accessed at 04.10.2019)
Copyright (c) 2019 Review of Applied Socio-Economic Research
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Copyright ©2019 Pro Global Science Association
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored, transmitted or disseminated, in any form, or by any means, without prior written permission from Pro Global Science Association, to whom all requests to produce copyright material should be directed, in writing.